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Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 10, 81 - 110, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.930211

Öz

Bu makale Filistinli azınlığın İsrail Devleti’nin yerleşimci-kolonyal düzeni sınırları içinde toplumsal kimlik ve siyasi eşitlik sorunları üzerinden verdiği mücadeleyi incelemektedir. İsrail’deki Filistinli azınlık Filistin halkı dokusunun ayrılmaz bir parçasıyken, İsrail Devleti’nin kurulmasıyla hem Filistin hem de Arap toplumundan fiziksel, kültürel ve siyasal bağları koparılmış, tecrit edilmiş bir azınlık haline geldi. Dolayısıyla, Filistinli azınlık bir yandan kendisini sınırın ötesinde kalan Filistin/Arap kültürel kimliğiyle tanımlarken, diğer yandan da sınırın içerisinde resmi İsrail kimliğiyle tanımladı. Filistinlilerin yaşadıkları bölgelerde uygulanan askeri yönetim ve ulusal güvenliğe tehdit oluşturma algısı, Filistinlileri her alanda ve anlamda kuşatma altına aldı. Bu süreçte Filistinli azınlık kendi ortak kimlik arayışını sürdürürken, İsrail Devleti de Filistinliler üzerinde bölme, bağımlı kılma ve tecrit politikaları sürdürdü. Bu bağlamda, Filistinli azınlık sadece Filistin/Arap toplumundan değil, aynı zamanda Yahudi toplumundan da tecrit edildi. Toprakları, güvenliklerine ve kalıcılıklarına potansiyel tehdit olarak algılayan Yahudi göçmenlere yerleşim alanları açmak için gasp edildi. Bu arada, bölgesel ve küresel ölçekte gelişen bazı olayların hem Filistinli azınlığın çok-kimlikli tanımlamaları hem de İsrail Devleti’nin bu yöndeki politikaları üzerinde belirleyici etkileri oldu. Filistinli azınlık zamanla kendisini doğru ve kolektif bir kimlikle tanımlama ve İsrail sınırları içerisinde siyasi eşitlik taleplerini dile getirme mücadelesi başlattı. Ancak Filistinli azınlığın bu çok-kimlikli tanımlamaları siyasi temsillerine de yansıdı. Arap laik-milliyetçi söylemlerden İslamcı ve komünist söylemlere kadar uzanan geniş bir Filistin siyasi yelpazesi oluştu. Bu makale, Filistinli azınlığın toplumsal kimlik oluşturma ve siyasi eşitlik taleplerinin İsrail yerleşimci-kolonyal rejimin gölgesinde hangi süreçlerden geçtiğinin ve ne kadar başarılı olduğunun sorularına yanıt aradı.

Kaynakça

  • Abd El Rahman, Sherihan, "The Political Mobilization of the Arab Minority in Israel: Shifts in Political Demands and Activities" 09 April 2010. CUREJ: College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal, University of Pennsylvania, https://repository.upenn.edu/curej/122. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021.)
  • Abunemeh, Samira, "The Success of an Ethnic Political Party: A Case Study of Arab Political Parties in Israel" (2014). Honors Theses. 816. https://egrove.olemiss.edu/hon_thesis/816. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021).
  • Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, Inequality Report: The Palestinian Arab Minority in Israel, (February 2011), http://www.adalah.org/eng/publications.php, (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021).
  • Avda, Ayman. “Havla İntikhabati-l Knesset va-l Muvatinine-l Arab: al Muşaraka, Adamu-t Tasvit va-l Mukataa”. http://www.aljabha.org/files/moqata3a.doc
  • Bligh, Alexander. The Israeli Palestinians: an Arab minority in the Jewish state. London: Frank Cass, 2003.
  • El-Asmar, Fouzi. To be an Arab in Israel. Beirut: The Institute for Palestine Studies, 1978.
  • Ghanem, As’ad. The Palestinian-Arab minority in Israel, 1948-2000: a political study. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001.
  • Haydar, Aziz. “el Fikr al-Kavmi li-l Arap el-Filistiniyyin fi İsrail:al Haraka al-Vataniyya et-Tekaddumiyye "Ebnau-l Balad" ”. al-Mustakbal al-Arabi, http://www.caus.org.lb/PDF/EmagazineArticles/mustaqbal_425_aziz_haider.pdf
  • Hitman, Gadi. Israel and Its Arab Minority, 1948-2008: Dialogue, Protest, Violence. Lanham, Maryland : Lexington Books, 2016.
  • Jamal, Amal. Arab Minority Nationalism in Israel: The Politics of Indigeneity. Place of publication not identified: Routledge, 2014.
  • Jamal, Amal. The Arab public sphere in Israel: media space and cultural resistance. Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Press, 2009.
  • Jiryis, Ṣabri. The Arabs in Israel. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1976.
  • Kenig, Ofer. "Israel's Arab Parties from a Comparative Perspective: The Challenge of Marginality and the Dilemma of Influence vs. Protest “. Democratic Culture, 8, (2004): 109-143.
  • Kenig, Ofer. The Political Representation of Israel's Arab Minority: The Challenge of Marginality and the Dilemma of Influence versus Protest, http://institutobrasilisrael.org/cms/assets/uploads/_BIBLIOTECA/_PDF/as-minorias-em-israel/6d951ea47f76ea49efa83dea19ddf883.pdf
  • Lustick, Ian. Arabs in the Jewish State: Israel's control of a national minority. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980.
  • Magalotti, Daniel. “Political Discrimination Against Arab Citizens of Israel” The Jerusalam Fund. http://www.thejerusalemfund.org/ht/a/GetDocumentAction/i/6677.
  • Makhoul, Manar, Naṣṣār Ibrāhīm, and Iyād Burghūthī. Sīsmūghrāfīyā al-hawīyāt: al-inʻikāsāt al-adabīyah li-taṭawwur al-hawīyah al-Filasṭīnīyah fī Isrāʼīl, 1948-2010 (Seismography of identities: literary reflections of Palestinian identity evolution in Israel between 1948 and 2010), 2019.
  • Mi`ari, Mahmoud. “Collective Identity of Palestinians in Israel after Oslo”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 1 No. 8; July 2011.
  • Middle East Report, Back to Basics: İsrael`s Arap Minority and the İsraeli-Palestinian Conflict, No 119, 14 March 2012.
  • Molavi, Shourideh C. Stateless Citizenship: The Palestinian-Arab Citizens of Israel. LEIDEN; BOSTON: Brill, 2013. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1163/j.ctv4cbhgd. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021.).
  • Mossawa Center, The Palestinian Arab Citizens of Israel: Status, Opportunities and Challenges for an Israeli-Palestinian Peace, Published in Haifa, Israel, June 2006. http://www.mossawa.org/eng//Public/file/02006%20The%20Palestinian%20Arab%20Citizens%20of%20Israel%20Status.pdf. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021.).
  • Nadim N. Rouhana and Areej Sabbagh-Khoury. Palestinians in Israel: Readings in History, Politics & Society. Mada al-Carmel: Arab Center for Applied Social Research, 2011.
  • Nakhala, Dua. Shackled at Home: The Palestinian Minority in Israel: Policy Briefing. Brussels: European Parliament, 2012.
  • Rabinowitz, Dan. “The Palestinian Citizens of Israel, the Concept of Trapped Minority and the Discourse of Transnationalism in Anthropology”. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 24 no. 1; (2001), 64-85.
  • Rekhess, Elie. “The Arab Minority in Israel: Reconsidering the “1948 Paradigm” “. Israel Studies, Volume 19, Number 2, (2014): 187-217.
  • Rekhess, Elie. “The Evolvement of an Arab-Palestinian National Minority in Israel”. Israel Studies, Volume 12, Number 3, (Fall 2007): 1-28.
  • Rouhana, Nadim N, and Nimer Sultany. "Redrawing the Boundaries of Citizenship: Israel's New Hegemony." Journal of Palestine Studies. 33.1 (2003): 5-22.
  • Salah, Maha. “Why are Palestinians Voting with their Feet in the Israeli Elections”. Middle East Monitor, Fact Sheet- 21th January 2013.

The Collective Identity and Political Struggle of the Palestinian Minority in the State of Israel

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 10, 81 - 110, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.930211

Öz

This article examines the struggle of the Palestinian minority over its question of social identity and political equality within the borders of the settler-colonial order of the State of Israel. While the Palestinian minority was an integral part of the fabric of Palestinian society, it became an isolated minority whose physical, cultural, and political ties were severed from both Palestinian and Arab societies with the establishment of the State of Israel. Therefore, the Palestinian minority defined itself with the Palestinian/Arab cultural identity remained beyond that border on the one hand, and with the official Israeli identity on the other. Furthermore, the Palestinian minority were besieged in every respect and meaning by the Israeli military rule and its perception of a threat to its national security. In this process, while the Palestinian minority continued its search for a collective social identity, the State of Israel pursued policies of dividing, subordination, and isolation. The Palestinian minority was isolated not only from Palestinian/Arab society but also from Jewish community. Its lands were seized to provide settlements for Jewish immigrants, who also perceived their Palestinian neighbors as potential threats to their security and permanence. However, some events on regional and global scales have had decisive influences on both multi-identity definitions of the Palestinian minority and the related policies of the Israeli State. Accordingly, the Palestinian minority sought to define itself with a correct and collective identity, and call for its rights within the borders of the State of Israel. However, this multi-identity definition of the Palestinian minority was reflected in its political representations. A political spectrum emerged, ranging from the Arab secular-nationalist to Islamist and communist political discourses. This article, hence, initially explores the social collective identity formation of the Palestinian minority and then its call for political equality under the settler-colonial regime of Israeli State.

Kaynakça

  • Abd El Rahman, Sherihan, "The Political Mobilization of the Arab Minority in Israel: Shifts in Political Demands and Activities" 09 April 2010. CUREJ: College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal, University of Pennsylvania, https://repository.upenn.edu/curej/122. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021.)
  • Abunemeh, Samira, "The Success of an Ethnic Political Party: A Case Study of Arab Political Parties in Israel" (2014). Honors Theses. 816. https://egrove.olemiss.edu/hon_thesis/816. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021).
  • Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, Inequality Report: The Palestinian Arab Minority in Israel, (February 2011), http://www.adalah.org/eng/publications.php, (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021).
  • Avda, Ayman. “Havla İntikhabati-l Knesset va-l Muvatinine-l Arab: al Muşaraka, Adamu-t Tasvit va-l Mukataa”. http://www.aljabha.org/files/moqata3a.doc
  • Bligh, Alexander. The Israeli Palestinians: an Arab minority in the Jewish state. London: Frank Cass, 2003.
  • El-Asmar, Fouzi. To be an Arab in Israel. Beirut: The Institute for Palestine Studies, 1978.
  • Ghanem, As’ad. The Palestinian-Arab minority in Israel, 1948-2000: a political study. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001.
  • Haydar, Aziz. “el Fikr al-Kavmi li-l Arap el-Filistiniyyin fi İsrail:al Haraka al-Vataniyya et-Tekaddumiyye "Ebnau-l Balad" ”. al-Mustakbal al-Arabi, http://www.caus.org.lb/PDF/EmagazineArticles/mustaqbal_425_aziz_haider.pdf
  • Hitman, Gadi. Israel and Its Arab Minority, 1948-2008: Dialogue, Protest, Violence. Lanham, Maryland : Lexington Books, 2016.
  • Jamal, Amal. Arab Minority Nationalism in Israel: The Politics of Indigeneity. Place of publication not identified: Routledge, 2014.
  • Jamal, Amal. The Arab public sphere in Israel: media space and cultural resistance. Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Press, 2009.
  • Jiryis, Ṣabri. The Arabs in Israel. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1976.
  • Kenig, Ofer. "Israel's Arab Parties from a Comparative Perspective: The Challenge of Marginality and the Dilemma of Influence vs. Protest “. Democratic Culture, 8, (2004): 109-143.
  • Kenig, Ofer. The Political Representation of Israel's Arab Minority: The Challenge of Marginality and the Dilemma of Influence versus Protest, http://institutobrasilisrael.org/cms/assets/uploads/_BIBLIOTECA/_PDF/as-minorias-em-israel/6d951ea47f76ea49efa83dea19ddf883.pdf
  • Lustick, Ian. Arabs in the Jewish State: Israel's control of a national minority. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980.
  • Magalotti, Daniel. “Political Discrimination Against Arab Citizens of Israel” The Jerusalam Fund. http://www.thejerusalemfund.org/ht/a/GetDocumentAction/i/6677.
  • Makhoul, Manar, Naṣṣār Ibrāhīm, and Iyād Burghūthī. Sīsmūghrāfīyā al-hawīyāt: al-inʻikāsāt al-adabīyah li-taṭawwur al-hawīyah al-Filasṭīnīyah fī Isrāʼīl, 1948-2010 (Seismography of identities: literary reflections of Palestinian identity evolution in Israel between 1948 and 2010), 2019.
  • Mi`ari, Mahmoud. “Collective Identity of Palestinians in Israel after Oslo”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 1 No. 8; July 2011.
  • Middle East Report, Back to Basics: İsrael`s Arap Minority and the İsraeli-Palestinian Conflict, No 119, 14 March 2012.
  • Molavi, Shourideh C. Stateless Citizenship: The Palestinian-Arab Citizens of Israel. LEIDEN; BOSTON: Brill, 2013. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1163/j.ctv4cbhgd. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021.).
  • Mossawa Center, The Palestinian Arab Citizens of Israel: Status, Opportunities and Challenges for an Israeli-Palestinian Peace, Published in Haifa, Israel, June 2006. http://www.mossawa.org/eng//Public/file/02006%20The%20Palestinian%20Arab%20Citizens%20of%20Israel%20Status.pdf. (Erisim, Nisan 24, 2021.).
  • Nadim N. Rouhana and Areej Sabbagh-Khoury. Palestinians in Israel: Readings in History, Politics & Society. Mada al-Carmel: Arab Center for Applied Social Research, 2011.
  • Nakhala, Dua. Shackled at Home: The Palestinian Minority in Israel: Policy Briefing. Brussels: European Parliament, 2012.
  • Rabinowitz, Dan. “The Palestinian Citizens of Israel, the Concept of Trapped Minority and the Discourse of Transnationalism in Anthropology”. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 24 no. 1; (2001), 64-85.
  • Rekhess, Elie. “The Arab Minority in Israel: Reconsidering the “1948 Paradigm” “. Israel Studies, Volume 19, Number 2, (2014): 187-217.
  • Rekhess, Elie. “The Evolvement of an Arab-Palestinian National Minority in Israel”. Israel Studies, Volume 12, Number 3, (Fall 2007): 1-28.
  • Rouhana, Nadim N, and Nimer Sultany. "Redrawing the Boundaries of Citizenship: Israel's New Hegemony." Journal of Palestine Studies. 33.1 (2003): 5-22.
  • Salah, Maha. “Why are Palestinians Voting with their Feet in the Israeli Elections”. Middle East Monitor, Fact Sheet- 21th January 2013.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Bölüm ARAŞTIRMA MAKALELERİ
Yazarlar

Battal DOGAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ORTA DOĞU ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0002-1439-1570
The Netherlands

Destekleyen Kurum no
Proje Numarası no
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 10

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { fiad930211, journal = {Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi}, eissn = {2587-1862}, address = {Selçuk Üniversitesi, Iktisadi ve Idari Bilimler Fakültesi, Alaeddin Keykubat Kampüsü, 42003, Konya-TÜRKIYE}, publisher = {Muhammed Mustafa KULU}, year = {2021}, number = {10}, pages = {81 - 110}, doi = {10.34230/fiad.930211}, title = {Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Dogan, Battal} }
APA Dogan, B. (2021). Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi . Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi , (10) , 81-110 . DOI: 10.34230/fiad.930211
MLA Dogan, B. "Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi" . Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi (2021 ): 81-110 <http://www.filistin.org/tr/pub/issue/67826/930211>
Chicago Dogan, B. "Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi". Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi (2021 ): 81-110
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi AU - Battal Dogan Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.34230/fiad.930211 DO - 10.34230/fiad.930211 T2 - Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 81 EP - 110 VL - IS - 10 SN - -2587-1862 M3 - doi: 10.34230/fiad.930211 UR - https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.930211 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi %A Battal Dogan %T Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi %D 2021 %J Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi %P -2587-1862 %V %N 10 %R doi: 10.34230/fiad.930211 %U 10.34230/fiad.930211
ISNAD Dogan, Battal . "Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi". Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi / 10 (Aralık 2021): 81-110 . https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.930211
AMA Dogan B. Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi. FAD. 2021; (10): 81-110.
Vancouver Dogan B. Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi. Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2021; (10): 81-110.
IEEE B. Dogan , "Filistinli Azınlığın İsrail Devletinde Kolektif Kimlik ve Siyasi Eşitlik Mücadelesi", Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi, sayı. 10, ss. 81-110, Ara. 2021, doi:10.34230/fiad.930211

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