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EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK

Yıl 2022, Sayı 12, 50 - 72, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.1178797

Öz

Bu makale, 1920 ve 1947 yılları arasında Filistin’deki İngiliz Mandası sırasında Amerikalılar ve Filistinliler arasında bir etkileşim alanı olarak görülen Amerikan Quaker Misyonunun Ramallah'taki Arkadaşlar Kız Okulu'na (Friends Girl School) kısaca FGS adlı okula odaklanmaktadır. Araştırma, Amerikan Quaker eğitiminin ve Filistin ülkesindeki milliyetçi söylemin, Filistinli öğrencilerin kişisel ve ulusal kimliklerini nasıl etkilediğini izlemek için Filistinli öğrencilerin bu konudaki yazınsal faaliyetleri ve kendileri ile yapılan sözlü mülakatlardan elde edilen bilgilerin yanı sıra kapsamlı arşiv kayıtlarından da yararlanmaktadır. Filistinli öğrenciler, Amerikan Quaker eğitimini bu dönemde yaygın olan cinsiyetçi, dini, politik ve oryantalist söylemleri yıkmak için bir sıçrama tahtası olarak kullandılar.

Kaynakça

  • A.L. Tibawi, Arab Education in Mandatory Palestine: A study of three decades of British dministration (London: Luzac, 1956).
  • Adnan Abu-Ghazaleh, “Arab Cultural Nationalism in Palestine during the British Mandate,” Journal of Palestine Studies 1/3 (Spring 1972), 39.
  • Afsaneh Najmabadi, "Crafting an Educated Housewife in Iran," in Remaking Women: Feminism and modernity in the Middle East, edited by Lila Abu-Lughod (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).
  • Ami Ayalon, The Press in the Middle East: A History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).
  • Barbara Reeves-Ellington, Domestic Frontiers: Gender, reform, and American interventions in the Ottoman Balkans and the Near East (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2013).
  • Beth Baron, The Orphan Scandal: Christian missionaries and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014).
  • ___________, The Women's Awakening in Egypt: Culture, society, and the press (New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1994).
  • Conrad Cherry, ed., God's New Israel: Religious interpretations of American destiny (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1971).
  • Ela Greenberg, Preparing the Mothers of Tomorrow: Education and Islam in Mandate Palestine (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009).
  • Elizabeth Brownson, “Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Teaching History in Mandate Palestine,” Journal of Palestine Studies 43/3 (Spring 2014).
  • Elizabeth Thompson, Colonial Citizens: Republican Rights, Paternal privilege, and gender in French Syria and Lebanon. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000).
  • Ellen Fleischmann, "The Impact of American Protestant Mission in Lebanon on the Construction of Female Identity, 1860- 1950,"Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 13/4 (2002): 411-26.
  • _______________, The Nation and Its "New" Women: The Palestinian women's movement 1920-1948 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).
  • Enaya Othman, Negotiating Palestinian Womanhood: Encounters between Palestinian women and American missionaries, 1880s–1940s (Lexington: Rowman and Littlefield Press, 2016).
  • Heather J. Sharkey, American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary encounters in an age of Empire (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).
  • Hilton Obenzinger, American Palestine: Melville, Twain, and the Holy Land mania (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).
  • Inger Marie Okkenhaug, The Quality of Heroic Living of High Endeavor and Adventure: Anglican mission, women and education in Palestine, 1888-1948 (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2002).
  • John Davis, The Landscape of Belief: Encountering the Holy Land in nineteenth-century American art and culture (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).
  • Lester I. Vogel, To See a Promised Land: Americans and the Holy Land in the nineteenth century (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993).
  • Liora R. Halperin, "The Battle over Jewish Students in the Christian Missionary Schools of Mandate Palestine,"Middle East Studies 50 (2014), 737-54.
  • Lois Harned Jordan, Ramallah Teacher: The life of Mildred White, Quaker missionary (Richmond, Indiana: Print Press, 1995). Margot Badran and Miriam Cooke, Opening the Gates: An Anthology of Arab feminist writing, second ed. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press,1990).
  • Milette Shamir, "'Our Jerusalem': Americans in the Holy Land and Protestant narratives of national entitlement,"American Quarterly 55/1 (March 2003): 29-60.
  • Nancy M. Forestell and Maureen Anne Moynagh, Documenting First Wave Feminisms (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012).
  • Nancy Stockdale, Colonial Encounters among English and Palestinian Women (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007).
  • Naseeb Shaheen, A Pictorial History of Ramallah (Beirut: Arab Institute for Research and Publishing, 1992).
  • Princeton University Press, 1996); Milette Shamir, "'Our Jerusalem': Americans in the Holy Land and Protestant narratives of national entitlement,"American Quarterly 55/1 (March 2003): 29-60.
  • Rashid Khalidi, Palestinian Identity: The construction of modern national consciousness (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997).
  • Suad Joseph, "Gender and Family in the Arab World," in Arab Women between Defiance and Restraint, edited by Suha Sabbagh (New York: Olive Branch Press, 1996).
  • Tafida Tarazi, “Hayaty wal-Far` al Manzeli” (My life and home economics) (1931).
  • Ussama Makdisi, Artillery of Heaven:American missionaries and the failed conversion of the Middle East (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008).
  • _____________, The Culture of Sectarianism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000).

Yıl 2022, Sayı 12, 50 - 72, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.1178797

Öz

Kaynakça

  • A.L. Tibawi, Arab Education in Mandatory Palestine: A study of three decades of British dministration (London: Luzac, 1956).
  • Adnan Abu-Ghazaleh, “Arab Cultural Nationalism in Palestine during the British Mandate,” Journal of Palestine Studies 1/3 (Spring 1972), 39.
  • Afsaneh Najmabadi, "Crafting an Educated Housewife in Iran," in Remaking Women: Feminism and modernity in the Middle East, edited by Lila Abu-Lughod (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).
  • Ami Ayalon, The Press in the Middle East: A History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).
  • Barbara Reeves-Ellington, Domestic Frontiers: Gender, reform, and American interventions in the Ottoman Balkans and the Near East (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2013).
  • Beth Baron, The Orphan Scandal: Christian missionaries and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014).
  • ___________, The Women's Awakening in Egypt: Culture, society, and the press (New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1994).
  • Conrad Cherry, ed., God's New Israel: Religious interpretations of American destiny (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1971).
  • Ela Greenberg, Preparing the Mothers of Tomorrow: Education and Islam in Mandate Palestine (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009).
  • Elizabeth Brownson, “Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Teaching History in Mandate Palestine,” Journal of Palestine Studies 43/3 (Spring 2014).
  • Elizabeth Thompson, Colonial Citizens: Republican Rights, Paternal privilege, and gender in French Syria and Lebanon. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000).
  • Ellen Fleischmann, "The Impact of American Protestant Mission in Lebanon on the Construction of Female Identity, 1860- 1950,"Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 13/4 (2002): 411-26.
  • _______________, The Nation and Its "New" Women: The Palestinian women's movement 1920-1948 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).
  • Enaya Othman, Negotiating Palestinian Womanhood: Encounters between Palestinian women and American missionaries, 1880s–1940s (Lexington: Rowman and Littlefield Press, 2016).
  • Heather J. Sharkey, American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary encounters in an age of Empire (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).
  • Hilton Obenzinger, American Palestine: Melville, Twain, and the Holy Land mania (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).
  • Inger Marie Okkenhaug, The Quality of Heroic Living of High Endeavor and Adventure: Anglican mission, women and education in Palestine, 1888-1948 (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2002).
  • John Davis, The Landscape of Belief: Encountering the Holy Land in nineteenth-century American art and culture (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).
  • Lester I. Vogel, To See a Promised Land: Americans and the Holy Land in the nineteenth century (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993).
  • Liora R. Halperin, "The Battle over Jewish Students in the Christian Missionary Schools of Mandate Palestine,"Middle East Studies 50 (2014), 737-54.
  • Lois Harned Jordan, Ramallah Teacher: The life of Mildred White, Quaker missionary (Richmond, Indiana: Print Press, 1995). Margot Badran and Miriam Cooke, Opening the Gates: An Anthology of Arab feminist writing, second ed. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press,1990).
  • Milette Shamir, "'Our Jerusalem': Americans in the Holy Land and Protestant narratives of national entitlement,"American Quarterly 55/1 (March 2003): 29-60.
  • Nancy M. Forestell and Maureen Anne Moynagh, Documenting First Wave Feminisms (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012).
  • Nancy Stockdale, Colonial Encounters among English and Palestinian Women (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007).
  • Naseeb Shaheen, A Pictorial History of Ramallah (Beirut: Arab Institute for Research and Publishing, 1992).
  • Princeton University Press, 1996); Milette Shamir, "'Our Jerusalem': Americans in the Holy Land and Protestant narratives of national entitlement,"American Quarterly 55/1 (March 2003): 29-60.
  • Rashid Khalidi, Palestinian Identity: The construction of modern national consciousness (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997).
  • Suad Joseph, "Gender and Family in the Arab World," in Arab Women between Defiance and Restraint, edited by Suha Sabbagh (New York: Olive Branch Press, 1996).
  • Tafida Tarazi, “Hayaty wal-Far` al Manzeli” (My life and home economics) (1931).
  • Ussama Makdisi, Artillery of Heaven:American missionaries and the failed conversion of the Middle East (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008).
  • _____________, The Culture of Sectarianism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000).

Ev İçi Dogmanın Yapı Sökümü: İngiliz Mandası Filistin’inde Quaker Eğitimi ve Milliyetçilik

Yıl 2022, Sayı 12, 50 - 72, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.1178797

Öz

This paper focuses on the Friends Girls School (FGS) in Ramallah as a site of interaction between Americans and Palestinians during the British Mandate between 1920 and 1947. It draws on extensive archival records as well as Palestinian students' writings and oral accounts to trace how Quakers' education and the nationalist discourse in the country influenced the students' personal and national identities. Palestinian students utilized Quaker education as a springboard for the subversion of gendered religious, political and Orientalist discourses which were prevalent during this time period.

Kaynakça

  • A.L. Tibawi, Arab Education in Mandatory Palestine: A study of three decades of British dministration (London: Luzac, 1956).
  • Adnan Abu-Ghazaleh, “Arab Cultural Nationalism in Palestine during the British Mandate,” Journal of Palestine Studies 1/3 (Spring 1972), 39.
  • Afsaneh Najmabadi, "Crafting an Educated Housewife in Iran," in Remaking Women: Feminism and modernity in the Middle East, edited by Lila Abu-Lughod (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).
  • Ami Ayalon, The Press in the Middle East: A History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).
  • Barbara Reeves-Ellington, Domestic Frontiers: Gender, reform, and American interventions in the Ottoman Balkans and the Near East (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2013).
  • Beth Baron, The Orphan Scandal: Christian missionaries and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014).
  • ___________, The Women's Awakening in Egypt: Culture, society, and the press (New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1994).
  • Conrad Cherry, ed., God's New Israel: Religious interpretations of American destiny (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1971).
  • Ela Greenberg, Preparing the Mothers of Tomorrow: Education and Islam in Mandate Palestine (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009).
  • Elizabeth Brownson, “Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Teaching History in Mandate Palestine,” Journal of Palestine Studies 43/3 (Spring 2014).
  • Elizabeth Thompson, Colonial Citizens: Republican Rights, Paternal privilege, and gender in French Syria and Lebanon. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000).
  • Ellen Fleischmann, "The Impact of American Protestant Mission in Lebanon on the Construction of Female Identity, 1860- 1950,"Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 13/4 (2002): 411-26.
  • _______________, The Nation and Its "New" Women: The Palestinian women's movement 1920-1948 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).
  • Enaya Othman, Negotiating Palestinian Womanhood: Encounters between Palestinian women and American missionaries, 1880s–1940s (Lexington: Rowman and Littlefield Press, 2016).
  • Heather J. Sharkey, American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary encounters in an age of Empire (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).
  • Hilton Obenzinger, American Palestine: Melville, Twain, and the Holy Land mania (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).
  • Inger Marie Okkenhaug, The Quality of Heroic Living of High Endeavor and Adventure: Anglican mission, women and education in Palestine, 1888-1948 (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2002).
  • John Davis, The Landscape of Belief: Encountering the Holy Land in nineteenth-century American art and culture (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).
  • Lester I. Vogel, To See a Promised Land: Americans and the Holy Land in the nineteenth century (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993).
  • Liora R. Halperin, "The Battle over Jewish Students in the Christian Missionary Schools of Mandate Palestine,"Middle East Studies 50 (2014), 737-54.
  • Lois Harned Jordan, Ramallah Teacher: The life of Mildred White, Quaker missionary (Richmond, Indiana: Print Press, 1995). Margot Badran and Miriam Cooke, Opening the Gates: An Anthology of Arab feminist writing, second ed. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press,1990).
  • Milette Shamir, "'Our Jerusalem': Americans in the Holy Land and Protestant narratives of national entitlement,"American Quarterly 55/1 (March 2003): 29-60.
  • Nancy M. Forestell and Maureen Anne Moynagh, Documenting First Wave Feminisms (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012).
  • Nancy Stockdale, Colonial Encounters among English and Palestinian Women (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007).
  • Naseeb Shaheen, A Pictorial History of Ramallah (Beirut: Arab Institute for Research and Publishing, 1992).
  • Princeton University Press, 1996); Milette Shamir, "'Our Jerusalem': Americans in the Holy Land and Protestant narratives of national entitlement,"American Quarterly 55/1 (March 2003): 29-60.
  • Rashid Khalidi, Palestinian Identity: The construction of modern national consciousness (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997).
  • Suad Joseph, "Gender and Family in the Arab World," in Arab Women between Defiance and Restraint, edited by Suha Sabbagh (New York: Olive Branch Press, 1996).
  • Tafida Tarazi, “Hayaty wal-Far` al Manzeli” (My life and home economics) (1931).
  • Ussama Makdisi, Artillery of Heaven:American missionaries and the failed conversion of the Middle East (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2008).
  • _____________, The Culture of Sectarianism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Tarih
Bölüm ÇEVİRİ MAKALELERİ
Çevirmenler

Celal ÖNEY

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 30 Aralık 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2022
Gönderilme Tarihi 22 Eylül 2022
Kabul Tarihi 26 Aralık 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt , Sayı 12

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @Çeviri { fiad1178797, journal = {Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi}, eissn = {2587-1862}, address = {Selçuk Üniversitesi, Iktisadi ve Idari Bilimler Fakültesi, Alaeddin Keykubat Kampüsü, 42003, Konya-TÜRKIYE}, publisher = {Muhammed Mustafa KULU}, year = {2022}, number = {12}, pages = {50 - 72}, doi = {10.34230/fiad.1178797}, title = {EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK}, key = {cite}, author = {} }
APA (2022). EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK (C. Öney, Çev.) . Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi , (12) , 50-72 . DOI: 10.34230/fiad.1178797
MLA "EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK" Çev. Celal Öney . Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi (2022 ): 50-72 <http://www.filistin.org/tr/pub/issue/74698/1178797>
Chicago "EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK". Çev., Celal Öney. Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi (2022 ): 50-72
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK AU - Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.34230/fiad.1178797 DO - 10.34230/fiad.1178797 T2 - Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 50 EP - 72 VL - IS - 12 SN - -2587-1862 M3 - doi: 10.34230/fiad.1178797 UR - https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.1178797 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK %A %T EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK %D 2022 %J Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi %P -2587-1862 %V %N 12 %R doi: 10.34230/fiad.1178797 %U 10.34230/fiad.1178797
ISNAD "EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK". Çev. Celal Öney. Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi / 12 (Aralık 2022): 50-72 . https://doi.org/10.34230/fiad.1178797
AMA EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK. FAD. 2022; (12): 50-72.
Vancouver EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK. Öney C, Çev. Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2022; (12): 50-72.
IEEE "EV İÇİ DOGMANIN YAPI SÖKÜMÜ: İNGİLİZ MANDASI FİLİSTİNİNDE QUAKER EĞİTİMİ VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK", Filistin Araştırmaları Dergisi, sayı. 12, ss. 50-72, Ara. 2022, doi:10.34230/fiad.1178797

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[כתב העת ללימודים פלסטיניים]

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E-ISSN 2587-1862 

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